Chapter 8 exercise

  1. The _____ chip, which uses battery power, stores
    configuration information about the computer. (400)
    a. BIOS
    b. CMOS
    c. POST
    d. RAM

  2. Windows users can increase the size of memory
    through _____, which can allocate available storage
    space on removable flash memory devices as additional
    memory cache. (406)
    a. Windows Aero
    b. Windows ReadyBoost
    c. Plug and Play
    d. a disk defragmenter

  3. A _____ is a mini-program with minimal functionality
    that connects to another program or provides
    information. (414)
    a. service pack
    b. search utility
    c. gadget
    d. swap file

  4. When you enter search criteria, instead of looking through
    every file and folder on the storage medium, the search
    utility looks through the _____ first to find a match. (422)
    a. index
    b. buffer
    c. file manager
    d. driver

  5. Defragmenting reorganizes the files on a disk so that
    they are located in _____ access time. (424)
    a. noncontiguous sectors, which slows
    b. contiguous sectors, which slows
    c. contiguous sectors, which speeds
    d. noncontiguous sectors, which speeds

  6. _____ is a utility that detects and protects a personal
    computer from unauthorized intrusions. (425)
    a. Automatic updates
    b. Sleep mode
    c. Windows Explorer
    d. Windows Firewall

  7. _____ is a program that displays an online
    advertisement in a banner or pop-up window on
    Web pages, e-mail, or other Internet services. (426)
    a. Spyware
    b. A Trojan horse
    c. Adware
    d. Spam

  8. A(n) _____ is a program that warns or blocks you from
    potentially fraudulent or suspicious Web sites. (427)
    a. phishing filter
    b. Web filter
    c. adware remover
    d. Trojan horse


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